Next Generation Animal Tracking Ideation Challenge

Next Generation Animal Tracking Ideation Challenge

Propose a system that can enhance and eventually replace the current animal telemetry data collection system. Read Overview...

Animal behavior has fascinated everyone from young children to scientists  for centuries. Humanity’s interest expanded when we discovered the incredible distances that animals will travel. This explains why no student has ever completed their education without a lesson on the migratory patterns of various animals, and thus why, “birds fly south for the winter” is now household knowledge.


We know that animal migration is as much a part of Earth’s evolutionary history as the rocks on it, so you might be wondering - what has us so interested now? We’re glad you asked.


Understanding how and why animals move through and between resource-rich habitats can help us craft  successful management plans to  recover and maintain  their populations. In the ocean, we seldom know these basic behaviors which are a requirement for their survival.  In order to accomplish this, we must tag and track animals to reveal their behaviors, movement paths, and important life-history locations--like where they breed and feed--to better mitigate human impacts.  Simply put, protecting them requires an understanding of where they go and what they do when they go to a particular place.  This growth of the emerging discipline known as Movement Ecology is currently restricted due to lack of innovation in tracking systems.  For decades, animal tracking has been accomplished with a variety of animal tracking tags that currently deliver telemetry data to the Argos satellite system.


Argos has two main functions, the first is to provide daily list of any type of tag that transmits to the satellite (on their specific frequencies), and relay that data back to us on Earth.  The second function includes the first but adds a tracking function. For example, PTT 'beacon’ tags are tracked by using the ‘Doppler Shift’ effect of fast-moving satellites in relation to relatively static tags.  This effect, combined with software analysis, determines the location and movement path of tagged animals in near real-time.  Unfortunately, this system is constrained by the limited number of satellites, data bandwidth, transmission costs, and spatial coverage on Earth.  Additionally, proprietary systems do not have an open standard for transmitting data, leading to limited receiving and tracking options.


The current system of tracking animals often leaves biologists with more questions than answers.  This is especially true for marine mammals, sharks and sea turtles that may only occasionally surface--providing a narrow window of time to locate them and transmit invaluable data.  In addition, the error rate on a location can be in excess of 1500 m depending on its latitude. Scientists are missing out on valuable data due to the spatial and temporal coverage, accuracy, and restricted data packet size of the current system. A solution to these challenges would drastically improve our ability to protect and conserve endangered and vulnerable species.


The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) has teamed with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to find a solution that private industry, academia, conservation scientists, and government agencies are deeming a necessity. BOEM is charged with the great responsibility of protecting the environment while ensuring the safe development of the US’s offshore energy and marine mineral resources. NASA is interested in investigating various opportunities for the potential use of small satellite (SmallSat) technology, such as CubeSats, for remote surface tracking capabilities on future lunar or other deep space destinations. It also aligns with NASA’s goal to support other Federal agencies’ work and to test, validate, and optimize innovations.


A CubeSat (U-class spacecraft) is a type of miniaturized satellite for space research that is made up of multiples of 10×10×10 cm cubic units. CubeSats have a mass of no more than 1.33 kilograms per unit, and often use commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components for their electronics and structure.  NASA and BOEM see great promise in the potential for SmallSat technology to play an integral role in the future of animal telemetry data collection and standards. When imagination meets reality, the potential for major advancement in movement ecology is unlimited.


This is where you come in.

This challenge is seeking ideas and concepts that incorporate SmallSat/CubeSat technology along with other space, stratosphere, land, and/or water surface systems to improve upon the current system of data reception for tracking animal position and path movement.  This ideation challenge is the first in a possible series of challenges addressing Next Generation Animal Tracking. Submissions to this Challenge may be used as input to future challenges anticipated to focus on technical solutions for an open system architecture and software integration.


What You Can Do To Cause A Breakthrough

  • Click ACCEPT CHALLENGE above to sign up for the challenge
  • Read the Challenge Guidelines to learn about the requirements and rules
  • Share this challenge on social media using the icons above. Show your friends, your family, or anyone you know who has a passion for discovery.
  • Start a conversation in our Forum to join the conversation, ask questions or connect with other innovators.
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And the winners are...

Dec. 18, 2018, 2 p.m. PST by Despina Maliaka

We are thrilled to announce the winners of the Next Generation Animal Tracking Challenge!

This challenge sought ideas and concepts that incorporate SmallSat/CubeSat technology along with other space, stratosphere, land, and/or water surface systems to improve upon the current system of data reception for tracking animal position and path movement. Together, we are creating the future of animal tracking.


And the winners are...

Tied for 1st Place, received $15,000 each:


Team Gaia: Hugo Shelley, Dani Epstein, and David Curnick

Gaia - The Future of Satellite Animal Tracking




Team NEMO: Rina Onishi, Tane Tatum, Remy Derollez, Justin Kruger, and Andrew Gatherer

NEMO: The Near Earth Marine Observer


We would also like to acknowledge the following people for their contributions to this challenge with an Honorable Mention:

Arwin J. Abaigar: Next-Gen ATN: Disruption-Tolerant Mesh Network

Osi Van Dessel: ATLAS: Animal Tracking Linked Autonomous Satellites

Ovidiu Dobre: Tracking Protocol


Thank you to everyone who submitted and followed the challenge, we could not have done it without you. We would also like to send a special thank you to our expert reviewers whose feedback was invaluable in selecting the winners of the challenge.

8 Hours Remaining

Nov. 8, 2018, 6 a.m. PST by Kyla Jeffrey

If you're still assembling your submission to the Next Generation Animal Tracking Challenge, you have exactly 8 hours left to complete it!

Here's a Tip: HeroX recommends innovators plan to submit with at least a 3-hour window of time before the true deadline. Last-minute technical problems and unforeseen roadblocks have been the cause of many headaches. Don't let that be you!


Nov. 6, 2018, 2 p.m. PST by Kyla Jeffrey

This is your official two-day reminder!

That's right, the Next Generation Animal Tracking Challenge will be closing this coming Thursday November 8th at 5:00 pm Eastern Time (New York/USA).

Please be sure to complete your submission form well before the exact cut-off time.

At exactly 5:00 pm ET, we can no longer accept new submissions!

Got questions?

Now is the time to speak up! Comment directly on this update with any questions about the submission process and we'll get back to you right away!

Five days left to submit (TIPS)

Nov. 3, 2018, 2 p.m. PDT by Kyla Jeffrey

We are quickly approaching the final days open for submission to the Next Generation Animal Tracking Challenge. The deadline is Thursday November 8th at 5:00 pm Eastern Time (New York/USA.)

Here are a couple of last-minute tips for a smooth entry process:

  1. Begin your submission process several days before the cutoff time. This allows you to ensure everything you have been working on can be seamlessly integrated into the form.
  2. Your submission will not be reviewed until you click the orange "Submit Final Entry" button at the top of the final review page. Please remember to do this!
  3. Review the Challenge Guidelines to ensure your submission is complete. Pay particular attention to the judging criteria which will be the scorecard used to evaluate your entry.

Have any questions? Head over to the challenge forum and we would love to help you out.

Thanks so much, and good luck to all!

One Week Remaining!

Nov. 1, 2018, 9 a.m. PDT by Kyla Jeffrey

There's exactly one week left to submit your solution to the Next Generation Animal Tracking Challenge!

You're so close. You can do this!  

Remember, the final submission deadline is November 8th at 5:00 pm Eastern Time (New York/USA). No submissions received after this time will be accepted, so make sure to get yours in as soon as possible. Any last-minute questions or concerns can go right in the comments section of this update.


Looking for some inspiration for your submission? 

Hear from Jake Levenson of the Bureau of Ocean and Energy Management about what could be possible if we had more bandwidth.

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